22 Trips from Prague
23
Terezín
The Terezín Fortress today is a sad
reminder of the atrocities that happened
during the Second World War.
The fortress town of Terezín was
constructed in the late 18th century
as a defence against invasions by the
Prussians, however the evolution
of weaponry and military strategies
meant that it was never used for military
purposes. It stretches across both banks
of the river Ohře (Eger), which separates
the Small Fortress from the Main
Fortress.
The Main Fortress served as a Jewish
ghetto under Nazi occupation in the
Second World War. But it also became
a jail for leading politicians, scientists
and artists of the prewar era. From here,
the Nazis sent the Jewish inhabitants to
death camps such as Auschwitz
and Treblinka. The Small Fortress
was used as a prison by the Prague
Gestapo in 1940–1945.
Reason to visit
After the Second World War, the Terezín
Memorial was established in the Small
Fortress to commemorate the victims
of racial and political persecution
during the Nazi occupation. It is now
a National Cultural Monument. Part
of it is the Ghetto Museum, which
presents an exhibition on the “final
solution of the Jewish question”
in 1941–1945. The exhibition was created
in collaboration with former prisoners
in the Terezín Ghetto and with the help
of hundreds of documents, drawings,
objects, letters and films about life in
the prison. Is is also a testament to the
human will to survive, even in barbarous
conditions, and the creative and artistic
acts the people engaged in as a way
to help them endure the situation.
The historical city of Litoměřice
spreads along the river Labe (Elbe) just
a few kilometres from Terezín. Be sure
not to miss the interactive exhibition
on Czech winemaking in the newly
reconstructed castle in the city centre.
You can also also sample some
of the wine here, of course.
GPS: 50°30‘57.412“N, 14°9‘34.437“E
64 km; 50minutes.
Direct connections from
the Holešovice Railway Station leave
nearly every hour; journey time 1 hour.
Practical
information
1/ Driving
Basic traffic regulations:
• the Czech Republic drives
on the right,
• there is zero tolerance for any
amount of alcohol in the driver’s
system,
• the use of a mobile phone or other
communication device is forbidden
while driving,
• the use of seat belts is compulsory,
• headlights are required at all times,
• pedestrians at a crosswalk always
have the right of way,
• children up to 36 kg or 150 cm must
be in a child safety seat and may
not sit in the front passenger seat,
• maximum speed limit:
motorways
130 km/h,
outside built-up areas 90 km/h,
within towns
50 km/h.
Required documents:
• driver’s license
(European or international),
• identity card (EU) or passport,
• vehicle documents (certificate
of registration, proof of liability
insurance, Green Card).
Motorway tax / toll stickers:
• yearly 1,500 CZK,
monthly
440 CZK,
10-day
310 CZK,
• can be purchased at national border
crossings, filling stations
and post offices,
• affix to the lower right corner of the
windscreen (on the passenger side),
• roads on which the driver is and is
not required to display a toll sticker
are indicated with applicable traffic
signs (motorway, toll-free road).
2/ Buses and trains
The Czech Republic has one of the
densest railway networks in Europe
and has a well-planned system of bus
transportation with an ample number
of connections. Bus and train travel
is relatively dependable and inexpensive.
Timetables:
Information about travel within
the Czech Republic can be found
at
. Carriers often show
the ticket prices here as well.
Carriers:
Train transport is provided almost
exclusively by Czech Railways, while
coach service is provided by ČSAD and
a number of private bus operators.
Train travel is usually slower but more
comfortable, while bus travel is generally
less expensive and somewhat faster.
Tickets:
For intercity coaches, you buy
a ticket from the driver as you board;
for trains, you buy a ticket at the railway
station or through
3/ Accommodations
You can find accommodations
and make reservations for a wide
range of lodging options
at
.
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