16 Castles and chateaux
17
&esk( )ternberk
Reason to visit
This massive Gothic castle on a steep
rock above a bend in the Sázava River
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settlements in Bohemia. The builders
of its original defence system
in the 14th century did not imagine
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defences completely failed in 1467 when
the castle was attacked by the artillery
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The painful experience led to
a restoration of the castle and a sophis-
ticated new defence strategy.
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walls and a protruding bastion are
a highlight of the medieval art
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Of historical interest
For eight centuries, and almost
continuously since its establishment
around 1241, the castle has belonged
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(Sternberg) family, the lords with
an eight-pointed golden star on their
coat of arms. With a little luck, you may
meet the current owner, who during the
communist regime worked as a miner
and a theatre stagehand.
Collecting has always been
one of the family’s interests.
This is exemplified not only
by the castle’s extensive displays,
a highlight of which is a unique
collection of 545 prints on the history
of the Thirty Years’ War, but also
by a monument to Ka%par )ternberk,
a co-founder of the National Museum
in Prague.
V–IX Tuesday–Sunday,
IV, X weekends and public holidays.
In the summer there
are demonstrations of trained
birds of prey.
257 27 &esk( )ternberk
Cheb
Reason to visit
J. W. Goethe, who liked to stay
in Cheb and also in neighbouring
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castle tower of black volcanic rock
to be the work of the ancient Romans.
Although he was wrong, the tower
is the oldest structure in the historical
town. A Romanesque castle
of the Palatinate type was built
by Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa
in the 12th century.
Of historical interest
This occasional seat of sovereigns
was the site of important diplomatic
negotiations and political events
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of them was a conspiracy and guileful
murder in 1634 of generals loyal
to the Supreme Commander
of the Austrian Imperial troops
Albrecht von Wallenstein.
After that time, the castle fell into
decline, as no one wanted to live in the
place where such a brutal act took place.
Tip: Amunicipal museumwas
established in the medieval house
on Cheb’s main square where Albrecht
von Wallenstein was murdered. It has
an extensive exposition dedicated
to the famous general.
Today, only the old walls remind
us of the opulent palace intended
for festive occasions in the presence
of the sovereign. Uniquely preserved,
however, is a two-story castle chapel,
which is one of the most important
Romanesque monuments in the Czech
Republic.
IV–X Tuesday–Sunday.
Tr"ky z Lípy 1
350 02 Cheb
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