48 Castles and chateaux
49
Land%tejn
Reason to visit
This hulking royal castle set in the
unspoilt countryside of Bohemia’s most
southerly tip, which because of its harsh
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of the most important Romanesque
monuments in Central Europe.
It was built in the 13th century to protect
an important trade route and
the border between the Czech lands
and Austria. Although all that remains
of it is a monumental ruin, its austere
architecture, secondary to its defensive
function, still elicits admiration.
Of historical interest
The overland trade route brought great
wealth to the owners of the castle.
Its course was the cause of constant
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neighbours, the Lords of Hradec.
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and ultimately led to a personal duel
between irreconcilable opponents,
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wounded. The route was diverted,
and the castle lost its importance.
Thanks to extensive archaeological
research and display of the findings,
you can get an idea of the luxurious
lives of the castle’s inhabitants in the
13th and 14th centuries. They were
among the period’s cream of society
and led a sumptuous existence, which
they made more pleasant with luxury
utility objects, artistically crafted
artefacts, and the technological
conveniences of the time.
V–IX Tuesday–Sunday,
IV, X weekends.
Státní hrad Land%tejn
378 81 Slavonice
Lednice
Reason to visit
This chateau and its French garden with
a unique greenhouse, along with a vast
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extending all the way to the Valtice
Chateau, is one of the high points
of European High Romanticism.
Of historical interest
Since the Early Middle Ages, generations
of the Liechtenstein family acquired
and developed an enormous expanse
of land extending across both sides
of the present Czech–Austrian border.
In the 19th century, Prince Alois II
decided that the chateau in Lednice
would be more appropriate than
sultry Vienna for summer gatherings,
celebrations and balls for the European
aristocracy, and he had it ostentatiously
rebuilt in the spirit of the English Gothic
Revival.
Four castle tour circuits o$er an
idea of the social and private lives of
the aristocracy across the centuries.
A unique feature is a beautiful park
called the “Garden of Europe” with
many uncommon trees, ponds with
rare nesting water birds, and a range
of interesting small structures, such
as the 60-metre Turkish minaret,
a lookout point called the Temple
of the Sun God Apollo, and an artificial
ruin called John’s Castle, all of which
the owners hoped would enrich
the seemingly unattractive landscape.
V–IX Tuesday–Sunday,
IV, X weekends and public holidays.
In 2011 the rooms of the
Liechtenstein princes and princesses
on the second storey of the chateau
were opened to the public, complete
with original furnishings and historical
toys. Also on display is the largest
private collection of historical puppets
in the Czech Republic.
Zámek 1
691 44 Lednice
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