30 Sacred Sights
31
Terezín
Litoměřice
Terezín
The Terezín Fortress was built
in 1790 as a defence against Prussian
incursions into Bohemia. It epitomizes
the high art of fortification, but changes
in weaponry and military strategy meant
that it was never used militarily.
Today, the
Terezín Fortress
is also
a sad reminder of the atrocities that took
place during the Second World War.
Besides the police prison in the Small
Fortress, the Main Fortress served
as a Jewish ghetto for Nazi Germany.
But prominent people were also
imprisoned here – leading politicians,
scientists and artists. The Nazis then
transported Jewish prisoners by train
to death camps such as Auschwitz
or Treblinka for liquidation. In 63
transports, about 87,000 people left
Terezín, of whom only around
3,600 returned after the war.
About 155,000 people passed through
the ghetto. After the war, the
Terezín
Memorial
was established here
as a national monument. It is visited
by thousands of tourists from around
the world each year.
The
Ghetto Museum
presents
an exhibition on the Final Solution
of the Jewish Question. The exhibition
was arranged in cooperation with
prisoners of the Terezín ghetto and with
the help of hundreds of documents,
drawings, objects, letters and films about
life as a prisoner. In the Magdeburg
Barracks, the former headquarters
of the Jewish self-government,
exhibitions about cultural activities
in the ghetto are held.
Litoměřice
The historical city of Litoměřice
stretches along the river Labe (Elbe)
just a few kilometres from Terezín.
Litoměřice is noted for the cultivation
of grapes. In Europe’s northernmost
vineyards, wine of excellent quality
is produced.
Do not miss the interactive exhibition
about Czech viticulture in the newly
renovated castle in the centre
of Litoměřice. Of course, you can taste
the wine here.
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